Nacionalni parkovi in Curry Village

Nacionalni park Yosemite

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mini|300px|Dolina Yosemite

Yosemite je nacionalni park Sjedinjenih Američkih Država koji se većim djelom nalazi u okrugu Mariposa, a manjim djelom u okrugu Toulumne u saveznoj državi Kalifornija.

Općenito

Jedan od najljepših svjetskih klifova, El Capitan (Poglavica), uzdiže se nad blagim i šumovitim obalama rijeke Merced u dolini Yosemite. Slapovi Yosemite, koji su sa svojih 739 metara visine šesti najveći u svijetu, obrušavaju se u tri velika skoka. Na drugoj strani doline nalazi se velika granitna stijena nazvana Half dome zbog toga što je sa jedne strane okruglog oblika dok je s druge strane okomiti zid visine 670 metara.

Na oko 3 081 km2, kolika je površina parka Yosemite, nalaze se tisuće manjih i većih jezera, oko 260 km različitih vodotoka u obliku rijeka, rječica i potoka, 1300 km pješačkih i drugih staza te oko 560 km cesta.

Naziv

Naziv Yosemite koja u southern miwoku glasi Yohhe'meti ili Yos.s.e'meti u central miwoku, izvorno označava Indijance Ahwaneechee (Ahwahnweechee) u značenju “those who kill, ” dolazi od 'Yos' , “to kill,” modifikatora 'e' , “one who,” i pluralnog sufiksa '-meti' . Ovaj naziv dobili su od susjednih plemena koja su živjela u strahu od njih, dok su sami sebe nazivali Ah-wah-ne-chee, ili “dwellers of Ahwahnee,” ili 'stanovnici velikog ušća' . 'Awooni' ili 'Owwoni' = “large mouth,” od 'Awo' ili 'Owwo' = “mouth” i sufiks ni = “large.” Lafayette Bunnell koji naziv Yosemite prevodi sa “Grizzly Bear,” čini grešku koju je napravio njegov prevodioc James Savage poznavalac miwok jezika, koji je pobrkao Yos.s.e'meti s ïhümat.i ili ïsümat.i (=grizzly bear). Vidi više pod Origin of the Word Yosemite

Zemljopisni položaj

Nacionalni park Yosemite se nalazi u središnjem gorju Sierra Nevada u saveznoj državi Kalifornija, a udaljen je oko 3 i pol sata vožnje od San Francisca te oko šest sati vožnje od najvećeg kalifornijskog grada Los Angelesa.

Povijest

Do 1851. godine u parku su živjeli indijanci Paiute i Miwok. Te godine su pripadnici konjičke dragovoljačke postrojbe Mariposa, proganjajući skupinu odmentnutih indijanskih ratnika naišli na veličanstven krajolik - slapove Bridalveil, nasuprot klifu El Capitan, koji su se obrušavali s visine od 190 metara. Vojnici su bili opčinjeni prizorom i grandioznošću ove doline pa je zahvaljujući njihovim pričama, ovo područje uskoro otvoreno za turiste, da bi zahvaljujući škotskom prirodoslovcu Johnu Muiru 1. listopada 1890. godine bilo proglašeno američkim Nacionalnim parkom.

Nastanak

Dolina Yosemite je nastala kao posljedica djelovanja ledenjaka koji su tisućljećima svojim kretanjem oblikovali današnji izgled doline. Djelovanje ovih ledenjaka započelo je prije otprilike 3 milijuna godina. Ledenjaci su se pomalo pomicali i podizali na spojene stijene a dolinu su još produbili. Kad se prije 10 000 godina led napokon otopio, veliku dolinu je ispunilo jezero koje se postupno isušilo i pretvorilo u dolinu okruženu granitnim klifovima.

Biljni i životinjski svijet

Biljke

Među više od tisuću različitih vrsta divljeg cvijeća ističu se pospančice koje cvjetaju u proljeće i bojaju travnjake u nižim predjelima doline. Uz pospančice u dolini rastu i mirisne zapadne azaleje. Po obroncima doline rastu kalifornijski jorgovan i medvjetka grimizne boje.

Od drveća u Yoemist parku rastu hrast, cedar i žuti bor, ali i najveće drvo na svijetu divovska sekvoja.

Životinje

Najveći sisavac u parku je američki mrki medvjed koji se hrani jedući pupove i izdanke, ribu, med, lješnjake i druge ukusne bobice kojima park Yosemite obiluje. U parku obitava i puma (planinski lav) koja se hrani sa raznim vrstama divljači. Osim medvjeda i pume najpoznatija životnjska vrsta je jelen mazgar koji svoje ime zahvaljuje velikim ušima poput mazginih.

Vanjske poveznice

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Savjeti
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National Wildlife Federation

A hike along the Gaylor Lakes Trail offers possible encounters with some wonderful critters: the pika and the annual spring love songs of the Yosemite toad and Pacific chorus frogs. -Beth Pratt (NWF)

Lufthansa
11. february 2014.

Fiery red liquid tumbling down El Capitan - a breath taking spectacle! You can see this optical illusion only for 2 weeks in February. The setting sun is reflected by the granite behind the waterfall…

HISTORY
26. august 2010.

Yosemite is one of the largest and least fragmented habitat blocks in the Sierra Nevada. In 1855, entrepreneur James Mason Hutchings & artist Thomas Ayres were the first to tour the area.

Ashlin Aronin
8. august 2010.

Be careful, speeding kills bears

James Hicks
13. june 2011.

Awe inspiring

Quart K
15. june 2012.

Home to Half Dome, Sequoias, & gorgeous waterfalls, this area is unbelievable! You truly must take a day to hike and tour this national park!

G.R. Medina
17. march 2012.

Climb Half Dome. It's pretty.

Carol Smith
10. february 2012.

One of the best parks in the world! Come off season to enjoy the quiet.

Eliot
7. august 2012.

The falls are beautiful

Carla Jean
8. december 2011.

The Ultimate Trip For The Outdoor Enthusiast!! Camping, Hiking, Rafting & Climbing!! Seeing Yosemite Falls Is UNFORGETTABLE!! It's The TALLEST & Most BEAUTIFUL Waterfall In The United States!!

Wendy C
5. july 2011.

In the summer, make the effort to start your hike early! You miss the crowds & high temps later on! You'll be so glad when you're coming down and ppl are just starting! Bring more H2O than you need!!!

Greatist
26. september 2014.

The hike on Four Mile Trail from Yosemite Valley to the top of Glacier Point takes about 3-4 hours each way. If you’re looking for something a bit tougher, the Panorama Trail is about twice as long.

Mussette King
2. july 2012.

Make sure to bring Dramamine if you get road sickness. This has to be one of the most beautiful places on earth.

Gleb Tarro
21. april 2012.

Make sure Tioga Pass is open before you plan your rout.

Yoplait
6. september 2011.

Exploring this natural wonder in one day is tough! Get some exercise hiking, biking or through a guided tour and teach your kids to nurture nature by volunteering as a family.

Matt Dubman
27. june 2011.

Climb Half Dome!!! Long, Rough an tough but worth it!!

Jeffrey Behm
1. june 2011.

Great day hikes! Bring plenty of water and a camera.

Fitness Magazine
15. december 2010.

There are 800 miles worth of hiking trails in Yosemite National Park! A national park is the ultimate fitness playground.

Kuno Square
22. july 2010.

If you attempt to hike the Mist Trail up to Half-Dome, invest in some of the ski pole walking sticks. I made it to the top, but about half way there I was wishing I had some of those ski poles.

Enci Box
17. may 2010.

Climb Half Dome while you're here. It's a beautiful day trip. Be sure to check the weather first. Don't want to be caught in a rainstorm or cold weather.

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Location
Map
Adresa

1.1km from Clouds Rest Trail, Nacionalni park Yosemite, Kalifornija, Sjedinjene Države

Dobiti upute
Radno vrijeme
Mon 10:00 AM–5:00 PM
Tue 10:00 AM–6:00 PM
Wed 11:00 AM–6:00 PM
Thu 11:00 AM–4:00 PM
Fri 9:00 AM–8:00 PM
Sat 8:00 AM–9:00 PM
Reference

Yosemite National Park on Foursquare

Nacionalni park Yosemite on Facebook

Hotels nearby

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Narrow Gauge Inn

starting $260

Heidelberg Inn

starting $369

Lake View Lodge Lee Vining at Yosemite Park

starting $169

Mammoth Mountain Inn

starting $147

Sierra Sky Ranch, an Ascend Hotel Collection Member

starting $155

Tamarack Lodge

starting $119

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